Csíkszereda city is situated in the eastern part of Transylvania, in the center of the Csíki Basin, lying between the volcanic Hargita Mountains and the Csíki Mountains. The city emerged at the intersection of two trade routes, one going north to south and the other west to east through the Tolvajos and Gyimesi passes. Its geographical coordinates are 46°21' north latitude and 25°48' east longitude. The city lies on the terraces of the Olt River and the lower slopes of the gravel deposits of Somlyó creek, at the feet of the 1033m high Nagy-Somlyó mountain. The city's altitude above sea level is between 655 and 730 meters.
Count Hídvégi Mikó Ferenc (1585-1635), counselor of the great Prince of Transylvania Gabriel Bethlen, diplomat, chronicler and supreme captain of the Csíkszék region began building the castle bearing his name on April 26th, year 1623. The castle got its current shape during the reconstruction in 1714-1716 led by Habsburg General Stephan Steinville, as attested by a stone inscription above the entrance gate. The region Csík and the city of Csíkszereda is traditionally a stronghold of catholic religion in Transylvania. Since 1630 there is a Franciscan Gymnasium in Somlyó, and in 1676 Kájoni János's famous printing press started working too.
Shrine of Csíksomlyó
It is the most important Hungarian catholic pilgrimage site in the heart of Székely Land, and the best known Hungarian Franciscan monastery and basilica. In the proximity of the shrine of Csíksomlyó rises the Small Somlyó Mountain. The folk tradition considers it to be a holy mountain, because a large number of pilgrims circle the mountain in prayer since centuries. On its side there are crosses, calvary stations, and on the top there are 3 chapels at which the pilgrim Christians show piousness. (More at http://www.csiksomlyo.ro)
The Red Lake (old name: Veres Lake)
is a natural barrier lake in the Hagymás Mountains (Eastern Carpathians) in the north-eastern part of Hargita County. It formed in 1837 as rock debris slipped down a nearby mountain. The lake is regressing, the remaining smaller lakes are becoming flat. On the north the Kis Cohárd Rock (1344m) rises above the Red Lake's surface.
The Békási Canyon
in the immediate proximity of the Red Lake is a link connecting Transylvania and Moldova. This is where the Békás Creek carved out Transylvania's most spectacular canyon. The canyon cuts trough the limestone layer in southwest-northeast direction. This place is a paradise for climbers and trekkers, the total length of the canyon is 5 km, its almost vertical rock walls rise 200-300m high from the valley's bottom.
The Szent Anna Lake
is a crater lake in a crater of an extinct volcano in Csomád Mountains of Transylvania, near Tusnádfürdo. It is part of the Mohos Natural Reserve which encompasses the two craters of Csomád. The other crater encompasses the Mohos Swamp. The lake is accessible on public roads too from Sepsibükszád. The lake's surface is 0.22 km2, its shape is close to a circle and its lakebed is conical in shape. The plankton density and salinity of the water is low (32mg/liter), but the lake seems to be turbid because of the dark brown mud deposited on the lakebed. More information at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Sfânta_Ana